The Top 10 Sights of Madagascar

What are the highlights and attractions you can't miss while on vacation in Madagascar? Here is a list of the top 10 attractions in Madagascar!

At the latest since the animated film "Madagascar", the second largest island state in the world (after Indonesia) is known to most people. For travelers who like to visit exotic countries where mass tourism is still in its infancy, Madagascar should definitely be on the bucket list.


Jungle, lemurs and unpronounceable names: On Madagascar, tombs and palaces of past kings, tropical rainforests with unknown animal species, dreamlike beaches and an untouched underwater world impress. The modern capital Antananarivo is right next to Ambohimanga, the majestic hill of the king and ancient capital of Madagascar.

The best time to travel to Madagascar is between April and October, with the peak season starting in July. From November to March there is the rainy season and especially in January and February the east coast is often hit by tropical storms. Air and water temperature in Madagascar's tropical climate are around 30 °C all year round.

Madagascar is a multifaceted country of contrasts and attracts both active vacations in the mountains and national parks as well as relaxing vacations on the paradisiacal coasts and deserted islands. Equally diverse are our top 10 sights of Madagascar, which are sure to meet every travel taste!

Volcanic fields

About 10km north of the village of Ampefy are the spectacular geysers of Analavory, whose minerals have covered the rocky landscape with a rich array of colors, Madagascar - © Pierre-Yves Babelon / Fotolia
© Pierre-Yves Babelon / Fotolia

Until 12,000 years ago, Madagascar was a barren rocky island whose five volcanoes barely supported life due to regular eruptions. Since calm has prevailed, the tropical island in the Indian Ocean has been overgrown by dense forests with numerous animal and plant species. The remains of volcanic activity from the Pleistocene are unmistakable from five volcanic fields.

For example, around the crater lake Itasy, Madagascar's third largest lake, there are countless geysers, smoking holes, hot springs and extinct volcanic craters to see. Likewise, around Ankaratra, the island's second highest mountain, there is solidified lava and crater lakes to marvel at.

The volcanic fields of Ankaizina and Ambre-Bobaomby in the north of Madagascar today provide a home for endangered bird species and a wide variety of lemur species with a boiling hot past. The fifth volcanic field of Madagascar is located on the island of Nosy Be also in the north of the island. Crocodiles have now settled in its crater lakes, which are considered a sacred ancestral site.

Article: The 5 volcanic fields of Madagascar


Morondava and the Baobab Avenue

Baobab Avenue is just under a 45-minute drive from Morondova, with baobabs lining the humped road like mighty sentinels, Madagascar - © Nazzu / Fotolia
© Nazzu / Fotolia

Besides the volcanic fields, the giant baobabs are the second sight that makes Madagascar so special. The seemingly inverted tree giants on the west coast of Madagascar near Morondava are particularly spectacular.

Their thick trunks with the characteristic gnarled branches rise into the sky about 45 minutes by car from the coastal town to the left and right of the road to Belo Tsiribihina.

Tip: In February and March, the baobabs (or baobabs) are particularly pretty to look at - that's when they bloom.

Apart from the Baobab Avenue, Morondava ("where the coast is long") also offers paradisiacal beaches with lots of sun in a relaxed vacation atmosphere. Unfortunately, swimming in Morondava is not recommended due to the currents.

Article: Morondava and the Baobab Avenue

Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park

The rocky surface of the plateau of Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park is partially covered with the unique Malagasy dry forest, Madagascar - © Pierre-Yves Babelon / Fotolia
© Pierre-Yves Babelon / Fotolia

Morondava is also a perfect starting point for a visit to the Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park. Its name loosely translated means "where you can not walk barefoot". Anyone who gets to see the unique karst landscape of the national park will also immediately know where this name comes from. Countless stone peaks, some of which have been sharpened to a razor's edge by wind and weather, cover the entire national park like a spectacular forest of rock needles.

Apart from the bizarre rock formations, the flora and fa una in Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park is also unique. Over 80 percent of the plants thrive nowhere else in the world. The spiny dry forests of the highlands and the wet lake areas of the valleys are home to 100 species of birds and 13 different lemurs.

The labyrinths as limestone with their caves, gorges and plateaus can be explored on hiking trails or by sightseeing flight.

Article: Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park
Photo gallery: Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park


Isalo National Park

The Isalo National Park in the southern highlands of Madagascar impresses with its bizarre rock formations of Jurassic sandstone - © LouieLea / Shutterstock
© LouieLea / Shutterstock

The Isalo National Park in the southern highlands of Madagascar also impresses with its bizarre rock formations of Jurassic sandstone. In the wide savannahs and grassy plains the cute calicoes hiss around and in the bushes there are chameleons to discover.

Founded in 1962, the park is located directly on the RN7 and is therefore easy to reach by car. The hiking trails through the 80,000 hectare Isalo National Park are all well developed and range from a few hours to several days.

Tip: If you want to explore the national park by car, you should definitely have an off-road vehicle with four-wheel drive!

One of the main attractions of Isalo National Park are its natural pools. Blue Pool, Black Pool and the absolutely picturesque Piscine Naturelle invite you to take a refreshing plunge into the cool water after a hike through the impressive mountain landscape. The park's canyons, which are up to 200 meters deep, or a hike to one of the waterfalls also provide cooling.

Ranomafana National Park

The attraction in Ranomafana National Park in Madagascar is the lush green mountain rainforests, ideal for immersing yourself in the wild tropical nature - © LouieLea / Shutterstock
© LouieLea / Shutterstock

In Ranomafana National Park, it is not the ridges and cliffs that are the attraction, but the lush green mountain rainforests. Nowhere else in Madagascar can hikers better immerse themselves in the wild tropical nature of the island nation. Lemurs scurry through the treetops, geckos snap at butterflies and exotic flowers line the hiking trails, which can be explored on tours lasting up to 4 days.

In the middle of Madagascar's third largest national park lies a spa hotel, which makes the natural thermal springs accessible for relaxation and healing purposes. By the way, these also gave the national park its name, because Ranomafana means "hot water".

The best time to visit Romafana National Park is all year round, but August has the least rainfall. The tropical hot and humid climate, on the other hand, hardly changes.

Nosy Be Island

Boats off the island of Nosy Be in northern Madagascar - © Unclesam / Fotolia
© Unclesam / Fotolia

The island of Nosy Be, about 10 kilometers off the north coast of Madagascar, is worth a trip not only because of its turbulent volcanic remains. The "Big Island" is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Madagascar and is also called "Perfume Island" because of its sugar, vanilla, clove and cinnamon plantations.


About the size of the German island of Rügen, there are only about 350 guest rooms on Nosy Be, which are booked out long in advance. Whoever gets hold of an accommodation will be rewarded with a dream vacation in paradise far away from mass tourism.

Because Nosy Be is a perfect vacation island, where temperatures range between 20 and 30°C all year round. Nevertheless, thanks to the frequent (mostly nightly) rains, Nosy Be is lush green and can boast breathtaking nature. Beautiful sandy beaches, tropical nature reserves, rushing waterfalls and crater lakes with crocodiles as well as the bars and discos of Ambataloaka form a colorful mix of activity and entertainment that makes vacationing on Nosy Be so special.

Article: Inse Nosy Be

Nosy Boraha Island

Lonely stretch of beach on the dream island of Nosy Boraha in the Indian Ocean, a few kilometres from the north-east coast of Madagascar - © ste67 / Fotolia
© ste67 / Fotolia

The former pirate island Nosy Boraha on the northeast coast of Madagascar is just like Nosy Be a dreamlike vacation paradise, but much more pristine.

Golden sandy beaches in palm-fringed bays beckon for swimming vacations and a crystal clear sea complete with coral reef reveals Madagascar's fascinating underwater world to divers and snorkelers.

Tip: In June and September, even humpback whales pass by here. They leave the cold waters of Antarctica to give birth to their calves further north and return a few months later.

Article: Nosy Boraha Island

Royal Palace (Rova) in Ambohimanga

Entrance to the palace grounds of Ambohimanga on the African island nation of Madagascar - © Pierre-Yves Babelon/Shutterstock
© Pierre-Yves Babelon/Shutterstock

About 20 kilometers north of Madagascar's capital Antananarivo is the historic capital Ambohimanga. Until the late 18th century, the kings of the island nation were based in the best-preserved palace complex in Madagascar. Since 2001, the now sacred site has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


From the 15th to the 19th century, construction took place at Ambohimanga. Around the royal palace, the rather plain "Rova", the royal bath, a sacrificial place, a court chair and the tombs of the kings were built on the palace grounds. The remains of these can still be seen today and continue to make Ambohimanga an important pilgrimage destination where the Malagasy go to ask their departed rulers for help and advice.

Article: Ambohimanga

Royal Palace (Rova) in Antananarivo

The Rova of Antananarivo is located on the highest hill of the capital of Madagascar and was gradually developed into a magnificent royal city since the 17th century - © Stéphan SZEREMETA / Fotolia
© Stéphan SZEREMETA / Fotolia

Also in Antananarivo is a rova, a Malagasy royal palace. It was built in the 17th century, when Madagascar's seat of government was moved from Ambohimanga to Antananarivo. From then on, the heavily fortified palace was the cultural and political center of the recently unified empire for about 300 years.

The Rova is located at an altitude of 1,500 meters about 200 meters above Antananarivo and offers a fantastic view of the city. Palaces, temples, residences, a chapel and the tombs of the royal family can be visited on the seven sacred hills to this day. Most of the wooden buildings were destroyed by fire in 1995, and it was not until 2010 that the royal palace was reopened to visitors after renovation.

Since 2020, a (controversial) colosseum has been enthroned on the tombs of the kings, providing a fantastic backdrop for cultural events in front of an audience of 400 people.

Article: Rova in Antananarivo

Analakely Market in Antananarivo

Analakely Market in Antananarivo is the largest market in the city and also known as Zoma Market, Madagascar - © ronemmons / Shutterstock
© ronemmons / Shutterstock

Besides the Royal Palace, the Analakely Market is the second famous sight in Antananarivo. It is the largest market in the city and also known as Zoma Market. Analakely market is always busy, because in the colorful pavilions locals can find everything they need for daily life.


Brightly colored fruits and vegetables, fish, meat (who's up for grilled lizards?) and clothing make up the bulk of the goods for sale. Household goods, electronics and DVDs are also available, as are African handicrafts.

If you are looking for souvenirs, this is also the right place to go. Haggling and bargaining are the order of the day here - unfortunately, so is pickpocketing, so it's better to leave your valuables at the hotel.

PICTURES: The top sights of Madagascar

Photo gallery: The top sights of Madagascar