Livadiya Palace on the Crimean Peninsula, Ukraine

The Livadiya Palace on the Crimean peninsula in southern Ukraine was once the summer residence of the last tsar and gained worldwide fame as the site of the Yalta Conference held by the Allies in February 1945.

The magnificent Livadija Palace on the Crimean peninsula in southern Ukraine was built in its current appearance in 1910. It is located in a suburb of the city of Yalta, the eponymous settlement of Livadija and served as the summer residence of the last Russian Tsar Nicholas II. Since 2007, the palace is one of the Seven Wonders of the World of Ukraine.

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Livadiya Palace consists of three wings and was built by Ukrainian architect Nikolai Krasnov after the predecessor palace, in which Tsars Alexander II and Alexander III resided, had to be demolished due to groundwater damage. After a trip to Italy, Nicholas II took a liking to the Renaissance palaces shown to him by the Italian king Victor Emmanuel III and wanted his residence built in the same way. After only 17 months the construction was finished. The facade is designed differently in all four directions and is made of specially treated brilliant white limestone, which is why the palace is also called the "White Palace".

Besides the main building, Livadija Palace also contains a small Russian Orthodox church. It was built in 1866 by the Italian architect Ippolito Monighetti and, despite its small size, contains an interior no less magnificently decorated.

The entire area, with a total of 116 rooms, is surrounded by a spacious English garden, through which runs the famous completely flat "Sunny Path". On almost 7km you can walk through decorative sculptures, unusual benches and exotic trees and bushes and let the fantastic landscape park take effect on you.

The main wing housed the living and reception rooms of the tsar and his family on two floors. Within the main wing are two picturesque courtyards, one in Moorish style and the other in Italian style, the latter of which is particularly decorative with rose gardens and a round-arched gallery.

The two adjacent wings of the magnificent building provided accommodation for the ministers, the court and the servants. Since the tsar spent as much time as possible in Livadiya, as he could live here much more quietly than in St. Petersburg, it was necessary to have his entire regency with him.

World history in the castle Liwadija

After resigning from office in 1917, he wanted to settle in the Palace of Livadiya as a private citizen, but he was denied. The fantastic building became a sanatorium, which was severely damaged during the Second World War. However, the palace underwent a generous renovation so that the historic Yalta Conference could take place there in February 1945, in which the Allies, Franklin Roosevelt for the USA, Winston Churchill for Great Britain and Josef Stalin for the Soviet Union, negotiated post-war Europe.

Steeped in history: the photo of Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin from the Yalta Conference, which went around the world at the time, was taken in the Italian courtyard. If you sit down on this bench yourself, you will get a whiff of world history in the historical atmosphere.

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In a historical museum in the main wing, set up especially for the visit of US President Nixon in 1974, the historic conference table where the future of Europe was decided can still be seen today. On the upper floor, the history of the Soviet Union is displayed and the premises of the Tsar's family, as well as photographs and even children's drawings can be seen. Now and then it is still used by the Ukrainian government for international political conferences.

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